“The Nordic Runes”
Runes are an antiquated alphabet in German that was used in Northern Europe, during the Viking age, as a means of written communication and divination. They were also utilized in the countries of Iceland, Scandinavia and the British Isles. They were employed as a kind of advice when a person sought council over a matter. They were not used to predict what was going to happen in future events, but as insight to a probable conclusion or result. Vikings did not believe that a person’s future was a set path, but rather that it was ever evolving according to what decisions were made and this could be altered by changing the course.
The term itself actually is defined as whisper, secret or mysterious and is derived from the old Norse language. Each rune has a very complex and intricate value that had a deeper meaning to it. Its interpretation equaled a word or phrase encompassing environmental or intellectual concepts. Individual runes had a certain narrative belonging to it that linked it to a Nordic deity. The characters were divided into eight groups called an Aettir which was significant if they were being used for practice in divination. It is a general thought that the symbols all derived from varied countries characters including Roman, Scandinavia, Greece and the like. As far back as the third century, ruins have been discovered drawn on stone, but wood became an easier mode for cutting and carving.Bone was another substance that was used in the Nordic practice.
In the ancient German alphabet, known as Futhark, there were 24 characters and the initial six spelled out the actual word itself. As time went on and the practice of casting these stones increased across the northern regions, the 24 reduced to only 16. There were many other changes made to how communication was administered through this divination process throughout the Viking age. One of the reasons this occurred was due to language alteration. Eventually the Futhark became obsolete and the Anglo-Saxon Futhark of 33 symbols was incorporated. There are approximately 24 names which are divergently pronounced throughout history. A few of these names are listed as follows.